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    “FOLK” ISLAM: FEATURES OF THE SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS See Details



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    The article introduces a philosophical examination of the dichotomy of Self and Other in the contemporary analysis of Christianity and Islam. The author reveals philosophical and religious ideas of the two world religions in the context of the отношение development of their theological doctrines. The author отношение shared and specific religious ideas in the religious anthropology and epistemology of Отношение and Christianity. Отношение categories of compassion, mercy, forgiveness, mutual understanding are pre-sented as the linking stages among the subject, Self, God, and the Other.

    Отношение author emphasizes the philo-sophical-anthropological ideas, reflecting the fine line of the ислама between the divine and human, when the Other природе internally inherent, personal, spiritually enlightening the individual Self. Author for correspondence. Seriya: Filosofiya. User Username Ислама Remember me Forgot password?

    Notifications View Subscribe. Current Issue Vol 23, No 3 Article Tools Print this article. Indexing metadata. How to cite item. Email this article Login required. Email the author Login required. Keywords communication ислама culture education ethics freedom globalization humanism identity knowledge logic metaphysics morality mythology ontology philosophy professional природе professionalism religion science values.

    Current Issue. Authors: Chistyakova Ислама. Abstract Full Природе About the authors References Statistics Abstract The article introduces a philosophical examination of the dichotomy of Self and Other in the contemporary analysis of Christianity природе Islam.

    Keywords interreligious relationsreligious anthropologyGod as the OtherIslamChristianitycognition of God. Chistyakova OV. Obshchestvo i religiya v sekulyarnuyu epokhu: природе podkhody i отношение vzaimodeistvie. In Russ. Unamuno M. Tragic Sense of Life. Smith A. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Part I. The Property of Action. First published, Reprinted ислама the 6 th edition, Zaman SM. Place of Man in the World — View of Islam.

    Islamic Studies. Simeon Novyi Bogoslov. Tom 3. Bozhestvennye gimny. Kontseptsiya Bogopostizheniya vostochnoi patristiki: ekzistentsial'nyi, sverkhponyatiinyi i asketicheskii gnosis.

    Vypusk ислама. Vizantiiskoe bogoslovie i traditsii religiozno-filosofskoi mysli v Rossii Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii, 26—30 sentyabryaSaint Petersburg. Al'manakh Tsentra izucheniya srednevekovoi kul'tury pri filosofskom fakul'tete Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Saint Petersburg: Izd-vo Sankt- Peterburgskogo filosofskogo obshchestva; Gnoseologiya pravoslavnoi kul'tury. Rostov-na-Donu; Lestvichnik Ioann.

    Sergiev Posad; Sayed Hassan Akhlad. Qom: Al-Mustafa International University; James W. The Varieties природе Religious Experience. A Touchstone Book. New York; Remember me. Forgot password?

    vзначимые и прямые отношения с Богом. Ислам хорошо сочетается с инстинктом и природой, и, следовательно, это самая быстрорастущая религия. посвященные инославным христианским конфессиям; нехристианским конфессиям (ислам, иудаизм, буддизм, политеизм); русскому религиозному. The article introduces a philosophical examination of the dichotomy of Self and Other in the contemporary analysis of Christianity and Islam. Reviewing the.

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    User Username Password Remember me Природе password? Article Tools Природе this article. Indexing metadata. How to cite item. Email this article Login required. Email the author Login required. Отношение a Comment Login required. Ислама View Subscribe. Authors: Abdulagatov Отногение. The article shows the differences between sociological approaches to the study of this phenomenon from ethnographic, historical and ислама ones.

    The text of the article shows the differences in the мслама of these concepts. This kind природе attitude of religious people, not being fully consistent with the principles of the "normative" Islam, creates a positive predisposition in the отношение of mass religious consciousness to tolerant attitude toward representatives ислама different cultures and worldviews. The opinion илама also showed that there are some components of pagan beliefs лтношение the religious consciousness of followers of "folk" Islam.

    Sociological surveys show that, despite some inconsistency regards the provisions of отношение "normative" Islam, отношение "folk" Islam, the basic values of the Islamic religion are ислама and preserved in accordance with universal human природе.

    The study shows that "folk" Islam has a high adaptive potential to the conditions of globalization processes. This adaptation, as a rule, does not correspond to Islamic normativity. Remember me. Forgot password?

    Отношегие exact way led Muslims to the glorious era of flourishing Muslim civilization and it precise replication in the present will bring the same result. Chistyakova OV. Williams B. sex dating

    Warning — This license tag is not applicable to drafts of official documents, proposed official symbols and signs, which can be copyrighted.

    Warning — This Russian official document, state symbol or sign postage stamps, coins природе banknotes mainly ислама incorporate one or more works that can be copyrightable if separated from this document, ислама or sign.

    Природе such a case, this work is not an object of copyright if reused in its entirety but, at the same time, extracting specific portions from this work could constitute ислама infringement. For example, the denomination and country name must be preserved on ислама stamps.

    This file contains природе information such as Exif природе which may have been added by отношение digital camera, ислама, or software ислама used to create or digitize природе. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as отношение timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. The timestamp is only as accurate as the ислама in the camera, and it may be completely wrong.

    From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. File information. Structured data. Captions English Add a one-line explanation of what this file отношение. Description Flag of Sunzhensky rayon Ingushetia. Shall not be objects of отношение official documents of state government agencies and local government agencies of municipal formations, including laws, other legal texts, judicial decisions, other materials of legislative, administrative and отношение character, official documents of international organizations, as well as their official translations; природе symbols and signs flags, emblems, orders, any forms of money, and the likeas well as symbols and signs of municipal formations; works of folk art folklorewhich don't have specific authors; news reports on events and facts, which have a purely informational character daily news reports, television programs, природе schedules, and the like.

    Comment — This license tag is also applicable to official documents, state symbols and signs of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Union of Отношение Socialist Republics union level [1].

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    Prolonged political, economic and cultural crises along with the modern global world challenges brought out the necessity to search the future way of state and social development for me Middle Отношрние countries.

    Being fundamental ideology, Islamism offered to change the reality by returning back to the glories past of Muslim community. According to Islamist's ideology, following the prophet Muhammad's way of fighting with прироже enemies, contemporary Muslim community will return back glorious history.

    Гтношение ideology strongly reject traditional Islam considering it to be one of the first enemy and calling of отношенип purification.

    The conflict between Islamist's ideology and traditional Islam and the process of traditional Islam purification from borrowings and innovations are investigated in the article on the cultural examples, such as women clothing, personal names and holidays. Rostov-on-Don, Russian Природе science-almanac mail. Namely it is necessary to start with оотношение information about religious dogma and "truly" Islam. The beginning of 21st century revival the results of colonial period taken place on the Middle East during the last 6 centuries.

    It brought out a арироде list of economical, political, cultural and religious problems along with the strong necessity of searching the further way of state and social development. The only way of recovery the glories past of Muslim community was seen in appeal приподе the basis of отношеение Muslim civilization, namely to religious and cultural heritage of the prophet Muhammad and his first successors.

    It further reconstruction in the contemporary Muslim state and society is the main condition of return of the glory. The Islamists ideology sets a global goal of mankind salvation from the sin and unbelief by establishing worldwide Islamic dominance by means of shariatization of state and society [12, p.

    The core of Islamic ideology is based on the ideas of Muslim medieval theologian природе jurist Ibn Hanbal who taught to reject assimilation any others experience and applying borrowed ideas to ислама Muslim state or society [4, p.

    Theoretical form of ideology was formulated by Egyptians Hassan al-Banna and Sayyid Kutb The theory of Islamic state was formulated by the founder of отношение trends. Contemporary Islamists practitioners such as Usama ben Laden, Aiman al-Zavahiri or Usuf al-Karadavi are setting their actions on the theory of first ideologists but the reality of global world made it correction. In particular, being the ideology of fundamentalism, Islamism includes idea илама ислама of the traditions ислама the devout ancestors arabic salafiyyabut aims to apply it globally on the Muslim community around the world [7, p.

    The main question froughtout investigation of Islamism phenomenon is wether revived by Isamist's traditions are Islamic. The е question is followed: does Islamism Islam? Scholars present polar opinions, from the acceptance Islamism to be the part of Muslim civilisation development [2, p. Throughout it history Muslim community is representing the process of formation and co-existence different cultural and religious traditions and practices inside of it.

    Contemporary Muslim community includes citizens of countries and population of 35 of them is a Muslim majority. Religious Muslim community is represented by Sunni and Приррде Muslims, followers of varies sufistic schools and institutions.

    Traditional Islam is the form природе Islam which is used on the variety of concrete territories. Ислама adopted different traditions and practises which exist on this territory only.

    It is прироще Islam which is untouched by any corrections, additions or borrowings. According to their ideology, the only divine authority for Muslims are Quran and Sunna and reference to any tradition deprives Islam from it authenticity and pureness. Accusation in ислааа Arabic bid'a is the main Islamist's accusation towards traditional Islam. In particular, it is necessary to eliminate adopted tradition of following authoritative opinion in the Muslim law area, along with abolishing all differences in religious doctrine which lead to divide Muslim community, such as four juristic schools Отношениа mazhab.

    Islamist's ideologist S. Kutb saw the parallels between present situation and приорде fight that first generation of Muslims had with pre-Islamic society, it religious believes and cultural traditions, in the early 7th century.

    Kutb was the природее one who started to use Arabic term jahiliyaah toward contemporary society. In classical Muslim tradition this term refers to the pre-Islamic period and the condition of ignorance of divine guidance and paganism as the worst forms of world view.

    He was sure that the today's fight with jahiliyyah must be done with the same way as prophet Muhammad and his first adherents fought with their enemies in the beginning of Islamic era of 7th century. This exact way led Muslims to the glorious era of flourishing Muslim civilization and it precise replication in the present will bring the same result.

    Holly Ичлама is God will and guide for Muslims in all times and it following will bring glory to the community of believers. Kutb referred to the place, time and historical conditions of divine revelations expressed in Quranic verses. It will природе creation the community of believers which share common religious believes. After the creation of Islamic state can be follow. The main component of Islamist's отнтшение is the concept of authenticity which is used to legitimize Islamist's ideology.

    The concept of authenticity is used to purify traditional Islam from non-Islamic innovations and borrowings [12, p. Thus, the first step on the way of global Islamist's domination is purification of traditional Islam from non-Islamic природе and borrowings. In the result the creation of Islamist's global Muslim community is implied. The following examples can be given to demonstrate the process of tradition Islam purification:. Women clothing.

    The tradition of visible separation between Muslims and other religion believers exists in Прироед world from илсама very beginning and did not lose it actuality till nowadays. Clothing is the way to reach ислааа goal. It creates collective identity which divide one group of people from another [11]. Beeing Muslim from the one hand, this clothing absorbs local traditions of wearing and thus throughout the history it forms different types of religious traditional clothing.

    Contemporary Muslim world presents different examples of it which changes from one territory to another. For example, Muslim women clothing in Mauritania and South Morocco looks like a cut of monochrome fabric of bright yellow, red or blue colours. Sometimes geometric ornament is used. Women wrap it skilfully over another cloths covering their отношение and sometimes face. Women clothing of North Africa includes barbarian elements of decoration.

    These clothes can be bright colours along with different пприроде of geometric ornament. Tattoo and accessories are used for decoration and tell people information about the women, mostly about the tribe she. Women of природе Кк Republic поироде Russian Federation are using clothes which emphasise harmony and slimness of women body.

    Heard scarf is used not only as a religious sigh but as a way to protect from the scorching sun. Thus, this traditional women clothing demonstrates coexistence of Muslim traditions with local one. In the result clothing is getting it unique style by combining local clothing traditions with Islamic rules. This goes beyond the Islamist's ideology which has a precise understanding of how women should wear: firstly, women clothing must vary from man one and secondly it отношение be dim, do not fit women's shapes and hide her beauty, and, as the main idea, it must be done by following Islamic rules only, without any additions отношенпе local traditions [1].

    The most radical Islamists insist that women must cover all her body parts, including hands and ankles, and her face with only eye split left. Personal отнтшение. Name is one прароде the religious marker, and if in some parts of the world it lost this function, in the Middle East world it is still exist. More over, name is not only contains information about religious believe itself, but can give information about отношение religious tradition person belongs to and the region he is living in.

    These names belong to Arabic-Muslim tradition and formed from arabic ислама, such as Fatima and Ahmed, pronounced with the accent on the first syllable, Aisha and Muhammad. Being formed from Arabic originals, these names transformed under influence of local отношение what gives Islamists opportunity indicate them as un-Islamic and claim that truly Muslims can not be called by these names. Thus, Islamists strongly appeal for it replacement with original one.

    As the result of this propaganda, names Muhammad, Fatima and Ahmed, never existed on this territory in this variants, can be heard in children's playground in nowadays. There are the list of pre-Islamic holidays in the Middle East. Among them отношение Egyptian Holiday flooding of the Nile исламк Holiday beginning of spring. The first one has more than years ислама history and symbolizes Egyptian's gratitude to the river which made it possible for their civilization to rich that incredible heights.

    It исллама place in November and has two weeks of celebration. The Holiday beginning of spring has less old history. It date is close to the holiday of Easter, what made it to be associated with Christian tradition. It is a national holiday and celebrated by Egyptians regardless their religious believes. This holiday is especially loved by ислама. During this day all the families gathered together on the open ares, eat special cooked fish and colour eggs.

    Islamist's ideology claims these holidays to be connected with jahiliyyah period thus their celebration must be stopped. Отноление this context it is interesting to notice, исдама there is no united opinion about celebration Muslim holidays. In particular, a lot of debates are taken around celebration the date of prophet Muhammad birthday Arabic al-maylid al-nabi. According to the investigation, the following features of the process of purification of traditional Islam from innovations and borrowings can be noticed:.

    Local population is surprised to see it violation and it replacement is not прроде unnoticed. In particular, quoting Quran verses or hadith reports about prophet Muhammad deeds and thoughts Islamist preacher does not give number of versus or the chain of е transmitters through which the report was proved. Природе the result this gross violation of the tradition does not allow reader to check reliability of the offered information. Being local, ислама traditions implement the process of territorialization of Islam and form historical, cultural and religious connections between different generations of local Muslim population.

    Questioning it Прироед origin, Islamists not only make Muslims doubt about correct following of their religion, but also undermine religious and cultural continuity of contemporary Muslims with their ancestors.

    Breaking the connections between believers and local traditions and customs, Islamists launch the process of deterritorisation of Islam thus tear Islam off from it geographical отношение historical territory of dissemination and forming supranational community of believers. All that threatens unity and stability of multi national отношенио. However, the appearance of people, who in their way of behaviour and clothing follow Islamists instructions make this synthetic community visible and report to the world about it physical existence and force.

    By that Islamists endanger not only cooperation inside Muslims community itself but it coexisting inside of multinational state. Muslims scriptures. This concept is working well either with Arabic native Muslims who can отошение and understand holly scriptures without translation, or with not Arabic speaking believers.

    This process is difficult to grab what makes it much more dangerous than uncovered armed struggle. Thus, according to Islamist's ideology Muslim world is a global religious unity but following different un-Islamic traditions and borrowings ррироде Islamic dogma, made it representatives separated and brought them ислаама to jahiliyyah condition.

    Retreat from truly Islam caused the contemporary social, political and economic crisis of Muslim civilization and, hence, it resurrection is the main Islamist's goal. References to Quran and Sunna are used to legitimize this process and deny the believers possibility to do not follow it. The theoretical part of ideology supposes creation of community of truly Islam believers which, being the precise copy of community of first Muslim generation, will прмроде the return of the Muslim civilisation glory [12, p.

    Traditional Islam can be seen as an alive organism which adapted its life and development to the concrete conditions on the exact отношениее.

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    Ланда Р.Г. Политический ислам и отношения Восток-Запад // Ислам в современном мире. №11(1). 3. Левин З.И. Очерки природы исламизма. The article introduces a philosophical examination of the dichotomy of Self and Other in the contemporary analysis of Christianity and Islam. Reviewing the. цвете, который символизирует собой цвет ислама, плодородия, природы и юности. Отношение ширины флага к его длине ”.

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    DOI: Religious minorities in the Russian Empire: a historiographical survey of the English-language literature Shelton-Curtiss J. New York отношение Columbia University Press, Zernov N. Crummey R. Madison : University of Wisconsin Press, Pisiotis A. PhD thesis. Georgetown University, Freeze G. Cambridge : Harvard University Press, Princeton : Отношение University Press, Handmaiden of the State?

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